Economics – Programmes – B.Sc. Degree Programme


2.1 Registration

  1. Students shall register semester by semester. This will enable the result of the examination taken in each semester to be published before registration commences in the corresponding semester in the following session.
  2. The maximum period allowed for registration of courses is two weeks from the date registration begins for returning students.
  3. A Returning Student who fails to register during the two-week period approved for registration shall be deemed to be registering lte and shall pay a late registration fee of N500.00 (Five hundred Naira).
  4. A Returning Student who fails to register within four weeks from the date registration begins shall not be allowed to register for the semester. Such student shall be deemed not to have registered for the semester and shall have lost the opportunity to register for the semester.
  5. A Freshman who fails to return his/her registration form for the registered semester courses within two weeks after matriculation date, shall be charged late registration fee of N500.00 (Five hundred Naira). If he/she fails to return the registration form within four weeks after matriculation, the freshman shall be deemed not to have registered for the semester and shall have lost the opportunity to register for the semester.
  6. A Class Admit Card with a passport photograph attached to the top right of the card of the card, shall be photocopied and, thereafter, duly completed for each course a student registers in his/her course registration form. The duly validated (photocopied) Class Admit Photo Card shall, thereafter, be submitted to the Head of Department offering the course. A course registration list shall be prepared by the Head of Department from the Class Admit photo cards.
  7. A student whose name is not on the course registration list of a particular course shall not be permitted to attend lectures and take examination in the course.
  8. No student shall be allowed to register at any time in his/her programme any final year or non-final year courses he/she has already passed.
  9. Course Registration Form mutilated by a student shall not be accepted for Registration.
  10. Students shall not hand-carry any registration materials including Add and Drop Cards from one officer to the other. All registration materials shall move from one functionary to another in the usual official process.
  11. Deans of Faculty/Heads of Department shall ensure that registration exercise is completed within the given period and that academic advisers maintain effective contact period when students can see them for advice.
  12. All Registration materials – Course Registration Forms and Add and Drop Cards – shall be forwarded by the Departments/Faculties to the Registrar’s Department not later than six weeks from the date registration begins.
  13. Duration of Academic Programme: For Economics degree programme, an extension of not more than 50% (to the nearest whole number) of the period shall be allowed for the completion f the programme. This implies that the maximum period allowed for the Economics discipline is illustrated below:

Normal Duration                     50% Allowing            Maximum Period

(In Years)                                 In (Years)                    (In years)

     4                                                 2                                     6

A student who unable to complete the programme within the maximum extended period shall be required to withdraw from the university permanently.

  • Class Period and Attendance

Classes are expected to begin on the hour and end ten minutes before the next hour. Seminars and workshops and practical shall, however, continue as long as scheduled. Attendance at lectures, seminars, practical and examinations is mandatory. No student shall be allowed into the class unless he/she has been properly registered for the course and his/her name is on the official class list for that course.

  • Semester Credit Unit Load
  1. Minimum and Maximum Credit Unit Load

The semester credit unit for any student shall be between 15 and 24, in accordance with NUC guidelines. The exact credit load a student carries within this range shall be worked out by the student’s academic adviser with the approval of the Head of Department and Dean of Faculty.

  1. Registration of Failed Courses

Subject to the limitation of semester credit unit in 15 above, a student shall be allowed to register a failed course at the appropriate semester. In doing so, the student shall first enter the course(s) he/she was unable to pass in the previous year before registering courses for the current year of study.

  1. Sitting for Failed Courses as External candidate

A final year student, who, after his/her examinations has a CGPA of 1.0 and above, may be permitted to sit for failed courses only up to a maximum of 14 credit units per semester, as an external candidate without registering formally as a regular student in the following session. He/She shall, however, inform the Registrar in good time through, his/her Head of Department of his/her intention to register the course(s) as an external candidate. Courses registered and passed in the final year shall not be repeated by the student as external candidate.

  1. Condition for Repeating a Semester

A final year student who fails in more than 14 credit units per semester shall register a minimum of 15 credit units per semester as a regular student and pay the necessary fees.


3.1       Introduction

Subject to such conditions as may be prescribed by or under the provisions or regulations of the University of Nigeria Decree, Senate shall exercise the following powers and perform the following functions:

  1. Arrange for the holding of examinations.
  2. Appoint examiners for such examinations and lay down conditions.
  3. Publish results thereof.
  4. Recommended to Council Candidates for diploma, degree, and other academic distinctions.
  5. Ensure maintenance of proper standard of examination and security of the papers and scripts.
  6. Advice the Council regarding examination fees.

3.2       Eligibility

  1. No student shall be eligible for any examination unless he/she has fulfilled the relevant conditions laid down in the Academic Regulations.
  2. Students who have reached 75% class attendance in a course shall normally not qualify to take examination in the course.
  3. Attendance at any university examinations may be stopped at any stage by Senate or the Vice Chancellor in accordance with the university statutes.
  4. Lecturers must satisfy themselves that any student appearing for any end of semester examination in any course has the continuous assessment record in that course.
  5. Failure to sit an examination
  6. Any student prevented from sitting any end of semester examination on account of ill-health shall, within 48 hours from the date of the examination in the said course(s), submit a medical certificate from the Director of the University Medical Centre to the Registrar through the Head of his/her Department.
  7. Any student prevented from sitting any end of semester examination for reasons other than ill-health, shall report to the Registrar through the head of Department in writing before the examination, giving details of the reasons for his or her absence from the examination. Where this is not possible, the report shall be submitted within 48 hours after the examination.

            iii.        Where the conditions stipulated in 5(i) and (ii) above have been satisfied and/or approved, the student shall be required to re-register the course(s) at the next appropriate semester.

  1. Where a student fails to sit any end of semester examination in any course(s) without valid reasons as stipulated in 5(i) and (ii) above, the student’s continuous assessment record shall be used to return an appropriate grade for him/her in the said course(s).

3.3       Examination Time table

  1. Faculty/Departmental courses which are not service courses may be examined at the end of lectures at the discretion of the lecturer.
  2. Faculty/Departmental courses which are service courses may be examined in accordance with the examination time table prepared by the registrar.
  3. All lectures (applicable to 2 above) shall end at least one week before the first day of the semester examination.
  4. For all semester examinations, a student shall as far as practicable not be required to take more than two papers within a period of 24 hours. As far as practicable also, final year student shall not be required to take more than one paper in their major area within a period of 24 hours.
  5. The semester examination a student shall be arranged in the following order:
  6. Departmental Courses
  7. G. S. Courses

            iii.        Inter Faculty Courses

  1. Intra Faculty Courses
  2. The Registrar shall produce an examination time table for 5(ii), (iii) and (iv) above and circulate to all departments not later than one month before the commencement of each semester examination.
  3.        No changes in the time table shall be entertained without the approval of the Registrar.

3.4       Setting of Examination Paper

  1. Each lecturer shall be required to submit as directed by the Departmental/Faculty Board of Examiners, questions for the proposed examination paper for each course taught, to the Department/Faculty Board of Examiners through the Head of Department only. One copy of such questions shall be submitted to the Department/Faculty Board of Examiners who shall determine, if necessary, which of the questions submitted by the lecturer shall appear on each examination paper. The Board also shall have the right to alter the wording of each of the questions in consultation with the lecturer concerned.
  2. Question papers for first and second semester examinations in final year courses shall be submitted to the external examiner for moderation.
  3. Where the external examiner is local, only one of question paper shall be produced.
  4. Where the external examiner is not readily accessible, a second copy of the question paper shall be produced by the Head of Department and forwarded to the external examiner with instructions to destroy it after sending his/her comments to the Head of Department.

3.5       Conduct of Examinations

  1. The arrangement for invigilation within each faculty shall be the responsibility of the faculty board. These arrangements include the selection of suitable examination rooms, the selection of invigilators and the positioning of students in each examination room.
  2. Invigilators shall be drawn from the academic and senior administrative and technical staff of the university.
  3. There shall be at least two invigilators in any one examination room/hall.
  4. The university shall supply printed answer books for all examinations. Each answer book shall be serially numbered and validated by the Registrar’s Office and handed to the invigilator.
  5. Departments shall produce the list of candidates eligible to take the examination in each course. The list shall contain the names, registration numbers of every candidate, the candidate’s department and a space for the signature of every candidate.
  6. The list of candidates for each examination shall be made available to the invigilators.
  7. Students shall use their registration numbers as their examination numbers.
  8. No paper, including blotting paper, shall be brought into the examination room by any candidate. Candidates shall normally enter the examination room only with pen, ink, pencil, eraser, ruler and other equipment such as mathematical instruments and mathematical tables which they are authorized to bring to the examination hall. This does not prevent any department from setting an open-book examination. Invigilators shall draw the attention of candidates to this regulation at the start of each paper.
  9. No candidate shall normally be allowed to leave the examination within the first 30 minutes of any examination or to enter the examination hall after 30 minutes.
  10. Smoking I not allowed in the examination room.

Procedure for invigilating Examination

Before the examination:

  1. About ten minutes before the examination is due to begin, screen the candidates thoroughly before admitting them into the examination room. Preliminary formalities such as making of announcements can be completed on time before the issuing of examination materials to students.
  2. Remind candidates that it is an offence to take into the examination room any unauthorized books, notes or manuscripts.
  • Announce that the attendance list of candidates is to be completed during the examination. No student shall leave examination room without completing the register.
  1. Issue the question papers without delay. Candidates who are uncertain which paper they should have shall be attended to after all the other candidates have been given their papers, and shall not be allowed to disrupt the distribution.
  2. During the Examination
  3. Ensure that no candidate takes examination question papers out of the examination room until he/she has completed the examination.
  4. Walk round the examination room periodically and ensure that there is no cheating. At all times, at least, one invigilator shall be actively supervising and not engaged in other tasks.

iii.  Ensure that every student signs his/her signature against his/her name and registration number in the attendance register.

  1. Go round and check the identity cards to ensure that the student who is taking the examination is not impersonating.
  2. In the case of errors in the question papers, make due consultation before any changes or alterations are made.
  3. In the case of illness of a candidate have the sick candidate removed from the examination room and he/she shows no sign of quick recovery, contact the Medical Centre. In his or her own interest, every candidate who has been ill during an examination shall be advised to report to the Medical Centre even if he/she completes the examination.
  • Ensure that no extra is given to a candidate who has been absent from the examination room for a time on grounds of ill-health. Instead, he/she shall write on the front of the cover of the candidate’s answer book a note indicating the duration of the absence and nature of the illness if known. This may be considered by the examiner.
  1. At the end of the Examination
  2. Every candidate shall remain silent and seated until all the sicripts have been collected. If a candidate who has completed the attendance list fails to hand in a script, the invigilator shall note this in the column against his/her name and make a report later to the Head of Department or lecturer in-charge of the course.
  3. The invigilator shall walk round and collect the script of each candidate before he/she leaves the examination room. The scripts of the final year students (if any) shall be separated from those of non-final year students.

      iii.        The invigilator shall enclose the two sets of scripts, the attendance list, six copies of question papers and one half of the surplus question papers in an envelope, to the Head of Department/ lecturer after the examination.

  1. The invigilator shall tie up, for return to the Examination Office, half of the surplus question papers and all surplus writing materials.

3.6       Examination Malpractice

Categories A: Offences leading to Expulsion from the University

  1. Impersonation, aiding and abetting. The impersonator and the person impersonated are both liable. Any impersonated who is not a student of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, shall be handed over to the police.
  2. Presentation of fake I.D Card or submission of a fake external candidate’s from or class admit photo card with the intention to impersonate.
  3. Direct involvement in examination leakage obtaining and making use of leaked examination question and/or solution.
  4. Smuggling out/in of examination script and/or examination question paper.
  5. Substitution of duly submitted answer scripts.
  6. Forging/Altering of result grades and signature of office.
  7. Physical assault on a lecturer or invigilator.
  8. Coming into examination hall with a gun or any dangerous weapon.
  9. Threatening a lecturer or invigilator’s life physically or in writing.
  10. Exchanging examination script and writing for each other.

Categories B. Offences leading to suspension for one session and rustication from hostel after which the students registers and repeats the year. Every examination taken from that session will be cancelled and given a fail grade:

  1. Procuring and altering a medical certificate in order to obtain a deferment of examination.
  2. Lobbying for examination grades by whatever means
  3. Submission of forged registration materials including add/drop card
  4. Bringing in unauthorized materials, books, notes, papers, etc.
  5. Exchange of answers by whatever means; papers, electronics, etc.

Categories C: offences leading to stepping down for one semester and rustication from hostel. This involve cancellation of/and giving a failing grade for other examination taken that semester and re-registration the next appropriate semester.

  1. Mutilation of and/or in computer registration form that is not officially endorsed.
  2. Forcing oneself into examination hall by an unregistered student

Categories D: offences leading to a student not to continue the examination/cancellation of that paper.

  1. Copying from another student (“giraffing”) or discussing in the examination hall.
  2. Deliberately exposing one’s answer script for another to copy.
  3. Refusal and/or failure to submit examination script.
  4. Escaping from examination hall with or without the examination script.
  5. Writing on any part of human body with the intention to cheat.
  6. Unruly behavior in examination hall e.g. disobedient to lawful order.
  7. Insulting the invigilator or invigilators.
  8. Any other form of cheating acts not specified hereunder calculated to confer undue advantage on the student whether discovered in or outside the examination hall shall be appropriately punished.

3.7       Handling Cases of Examination Malpractice:

All cases of examination malpractice in and out of examination hall shall be reported promptly to the appropriate university functionaries as indicated below:

  1. Offences in categories A and B shall be reported to the Vice Chancellor and the Dean, respectively, while offences in categories C and D shall be handled by the Head of Department.
  2. For offences in categories A, the Head of Department through the Dean of faculty, shall forward the report on the examination malpractice to the Registrar within one week from the date of receipt of the report. For offences in categories B, the Head of Department shall forward the report to the Dean, also within one week of report.
  3. A committee of investigation into examination malpractice for categories A and B shall normally complete its assignment not later than three months from the date of its constitution and submit its report to the Vice Chancellor or Dean, as the case may be.
  4. For offences in categories C and D which can only be proved by oral evidence, i.e. without exhibits e.g. unruly behavior in examination hall, the Chief Invigilator shall invite the Head of Department or his representative to the examination hall for instant determination of the offence.
  5. For such other offences in categories C and D which can be proved by documentary/oral evidence, the Chief Invigilator and/or the Lecturer concerned shall forward a report to the Head Department within one week of the offence was committed.

Report of all cases of examination malpractice determined by the Dean or Head of Department, shall be made available to the Vice Chancellor, Deputy Vice Chancellor (Academic), and the Registrar for the records.

In all cases of examination malpractice in hall, the invigilator shall:

  • Remove and retain any material, which he/she considers the candidate should not have brought into examination hall/room; note carefully all the circumstances surrounding the case.
  • Inform candidate that he/she will be reported for examination misconduct.
  • Instruct the candidate not to leave the examination room without the invigilator’s permission.
  • Note the candidate’s name, registration number, and department and obtain a written statement.
  • Keep to a minimum any disturbances of nearby candidate by avoiding argument or lengthy explanations. Written instruction/instructions to the candidate may help.

3.8.            Involvement of Staff in Examination Malpractice

Disciplinary measures shall be taken against members of the staff (teaching and non-teaching) who are involved in examination malpractice in any form or who fail to apply the University’s guidelines on conduct of examinations.

3.9.            Reducing Incidence of Examination Malpractice

  1. Lecturers shall use the list of compiled class admit cards of students registered for a course offered by the department in admitting students into examination in that course. Such list shall be made available to the invigilators during the examination for the purpose of identification of those who registered the course.
  2. No lecturer shall force/penalize any student because of failure of the student to purchase the lecturer’s handout/textbooks. Production and sale of handouts shall be co-ordinated by Head of Department.
  3. Any lecturer who contravenes the regulation in 2 above shall, be reported to the Vice Chancellor by the Dean/Head of Department and the Vice Chancellor shall discipline the lecturer
  4. Authentic and accurate list of students who registered a course, with duly approved photo admit cards for the course, shall be made available to the lecturer who taught the course for the use during the examination by the Head of Department.
  5. Lecturers shall normally deliver their lectures as scheduled in the departmental time-table in order to avoid clustering lecturers in a crash-like manner.
  6. Continuous assessment shall continue to form an integral part of the final examination scores on any result submitted to the Registry and Management Information Systems (MIS) for any student.
  7. Invigilators shall give specific identification marks on the scripts issued to students for an examination. To this end, therefore, examination scripts shall be collected early enough, but not earlier than a day before the examination, from the Examination Office of the Registrar’s Department.
  8. Examination question papers shall be produced and administered under strict security conditions by the department concerned.
  9. Classrooms that are terraced shall normally not be used for examinations so as to avoid aspects of examination malpractice.
  10. Buildings with large space shall be used for examinations. Such halls shall contain adequate chairs and writing desks.
  11. For optimal utilization of time and space, all examinations for two groups of students taking different courses, may hold at the same venue and at the same time.
  12. Faculties/Departments with large classrooms shall oblige other faculties/departments who approach them for examination spaces.
  13. Students shall be searched before entering into examination halls.
  14. Strict vigilance shall be exercised by invigilators on a student, who, during the examination, claims to be going to ease himself or herself.
  15. There shall be provided, adequate period for examinations in order to minimize or eliminate clashes in examination time-tables.
  16. Faculties/Departments shall, in cooperation with the Registrar, endeavour to solve reported cases of examination clashes.
  17. There shall be adequate ratio of invigilators to students taking examinations e.g. one invigilator to about fifty students with an extra invigilator who shall be available to stand in, in case of need.
  18. Faculties/Departments shall examine courses with large students in fewer groups possibly sending the students to their Faculties/Departments and enlisting the services of their invigilators.
  19. Invigilators shall be conversant with the guidelines on invigilation of examinations and shall announce to students the consequences of being involved in examination malpractice and what constitutes examination malpractice.
  20. Disciplinary measures shall be taken on members of staff (teaching and non-teaching) who are involved in examination malpractice in any form.
  21. Regulations on students who have overstayed in their programme or who obtained less than acceptable grade point of 1.0 shall be applied, since this group of students is more prone to perpetuating examination malpractice.
  22. Relevant supporting documents about errors which necessitated change of grade through the use of ‘Change of Grade Card’ shall be retained by the Head of Department and shall be made available to the Dean of Faculty on request.
  23. Heads of Departments and lecturers shall, at will, check the results of courses submitted in Examinations Office of the Registrar’s Department against the recorded and computed results of a student.


  • Low Cumulative
  1. Any student in any year of study who fails to make a cumulative grade point average of 00 at the end of the session shall be required to repeat the year of study i.e. he/she shall be on probation.
  2. If at the end of the probationary period, the student still fails to make a cumulative grade point average of 00 he/she shall be required to withdraw from the programme of study. Subsequently, he could possibly change into another programme. If he/she is not successful in securing a change, he/she withdraws from the university.
  3. If he succeeds in securing a change of programme and still fails to make a cumulative grade average of 00 in the new programme, he/she will be placed on probation in the new programme.
  4. If after (3) above the student still fails to make a cumulative grade average of 00 he/she shall be required to withdraw from the university.
  5. In no circumstance shall any student be allowed to more than two periods of probations in his/her academic career in the university.
  • Voluntary Withdrawal

A student may withdraw from the university at any time on the completion of the official withdrawal form obtainable from the office of the Dean of Student Affairs. In the case of such voluntary withdrawal, the refund of fees paid in excess of the period stayed in the university will be made by the Bursar’s Office. Such a student may retain grades made for semester examinations. A student who so withdraws from the university may, in order to be readmitted, send a formal application through his/her Head of Department and receive official clearance from the Registrar.

  • Unauthorised Withdrawal

A student who withdraws from the university without authority may not be considered for re-admission until his/her case has been considered on its merit by the Department/Faculty Board.

  • Withdrawal on Health Reason

A student may withdraw or be asked to withdraw for health reasons certified by an approved medical officer. Such a student shall be re-admitted into the university on production of valid medical report from an approved medical officer.

  • Disciplinary Withdrawal

A student who is sent down on grounds of disciplinary action may not be re-admitted unless with the express permission of the Vice Chancellor.

  • Re-Admission
  1. Financial Obligation before Re-admission

Before a student may be considered for re-admission, he/she shall be required to clear any debt standing against him/her before withdrawal from the university.

  1. Time Limit for Re-admission

A student who withdraws from the university for any reason and who is not re-admitted within a period of three consecutive academic years from the date of his/her withdrawal, may not be credited any course(s) taken prior to withdrawal should he/she return to the university. The Head of Department may, however, make a general assessment of the individual’s knowledge of the courses taken prior to withdrawal and recommend the year of entry on re-admission.